MaMa~MuJaHiDaH~~My BrEaStFeEdInG mEMoRyZZZ

Wednesday, 16 January 2013

Isi Kandungan Susu Ibu

salam semua...ini mama baru dapat info kandungan susu ibu ni dalam facebook member...sis Norini Muin..memang mama tak dapat baca kesemuanya ...tapi mama terus copy paste tuk letak dalam blog mama,itupun sis ni yang bagi idea ..hehe..

jom layan nutrisi yang terkandung dalam susu ibu ni...


  1. Water
  2. Carbohydrates (energy source)
  3. Lactose
  4. Oligosaccharides (see below)
  5. Carboxylic acid
  6. Alpha hydroxy acid
  7. Lactic acid
  8. Proteins (building muscles and bones)
  9. Whey protein
  10. Alpha-lactalbumin
  11. HAMLET (Human Alpha-lactalbumin Made Lethal to Tumour cells)
  12. Lactoferrin
  13. Many antimicrobial factors (see below)
  14. Casein
  15. Serum albumin
  16. Non-protein nitrogens
  17. Creatine
  18. Creatinine
  19. Urea
  20. Uric acid
  21. Peptides (see below)
  22. Amino Acids (the building blocks of proteins)
  23. Alanine
  24. Arginine
  25. Aspartate
  26. Clycine
  27. Cystine
  28. Glutamate
  29. Histidine
  30. Isoleucine
  31. Leucine
  32. Lycine
  33. Methionine
  34. Phenylalanine
  35. Proline
  36. Serine
  37. Taurine
  38. Theronine
  39. Tryptophan
  40. Tyrosine
  41. Valine
  42. Carnitine (amino acid compound necessary to make use of fatty acids as an energy source)
  43. Nucleotides (chemical compounds that are the structural units of RNA and DNA)
  44. 5’-Adenosine monophosphate (5”-AMP)
  45. 3’:5’-Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (3’:5’-cyclic AMP)
  46. 5’-Cytidine monophosphate (5’-CMP)
  47. Cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP choline)
  48. Guanosine diphosphate (UDP)
  49. Guanosine diphosphate - mannose
  50. 3’- Uridine monophosphate (3’-UMP)
  51. 5’-Uridine monophosphate (5’-UMP)
  52. Uridine diphosphate (UDP)
  53. Uridine diphosphate hexose (UDPH)
  54. Uridine diphosphate-N-acetyl-hexosamine (UDPAH)
  55. Uridine diphosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA)
  56. Several more novel nucleotides of the UDP type
  57. Fats
  58. Triglycerides
  59. Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids
  60. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (important for brain development)
  61. Arachidonic acid (AHA) (important for brain development)
  62. Linoleic acid
  63. Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)
  64. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)
  65. Conjugated linoleic acid (Rumenic acid)
  66. Free Fatty Acids
  67. Monounsaturated fatty acids
  68. Oleic acid
  69. Palmitoleic acid
  70. Heptadecenoic acid
  71. Saturated fatty acids
  72. Stearic
  73. Palmitic acid
  74. Lauric acid
  75. Myristic acid
  76. Phospholipids
  77. Phosphatidylcholine
  78. Phosphatidylethanolamine
  79. Phosphatidylinositol
  80. Lysophosphatidylcholine
  81. Lysophosphatidylethanolamine
  82. Plasmalogens
  83. Sphingolipids
  84. Sphingomyelin
  85. Gangliosides
  86. GM1
  87. GM2
  88. GM3
  89. Glucosylceramide
  90. Glycosphingolipids
  91. Galactosylceramide
  92. Lactosylceramide
  93. Globotriaosylceramide (GB3)
  94. Globoside (GB4)
  95. Sterols
  96. Squalene
  97. Lanosterol
  98. Dimethylsterol
  99. Methosterol
  100. Lathosterol
  101. Desmosterol
  102. Triacylglycerol
  103. Cholesterol
  104. 7-dehydrocholesterol
  105. Stigma-and campesterol
  106. 7-ketocholesterol
  107. Sitosterol
  108. β-lathosterol
  109. Vitamin D metabolites
  110. Steroid hormones
  111. Vitamins
  112. Vitamin A
  113. Beta carotene
  114. Vitamin B6
  115. Vitamin B8 (Inositol)
  116. Vitamin B12
  117. Vitamin C
  118. Vitamin D
  119. Vitamin E
  120. a-Tocopherol
  121. Vitamin K
  122. Thiamine
  123. Riboflavin
  124. Niacin
  125. Folic acid
  126. Pantothenic acid
  127. Biotin
  128. Minerals
  129. Calcium
  130. Sodium
  131. Potassium
  132. Iron
  133. Zinc
  134. Chloride
  135. Phosphorus
  136. Magnesium
  137. Copper
  138. Manganese
  139. Iodine
  140. Selenium
  141. Choline
  142. Sulpher
  143. Chromium
  144. Cobalt
  145. Fluorine
  146. Nickel
  147. Metal
  148. Molybdenum (essential element in many enzymes)
  149. Growth Factors (aid in the maturation of the intestinal lining)
  150. Cytokines
  151. interleukin-1β (IL-1β)
  152. IL-2
  153. IL-4
  154. IL-6
  155. IL-8
  156. IL-10
  157. Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)
  158. Macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF)
  159. Platelet derived growth factors (PDGF)
  160. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)
  161. Hepatocyte growth factor -α (HGF-α)
  162. HGF-β
  163. Tumor necrosis factor-α
  164. Interferon-γ
  165. Epithelial growth factor (EGF)
  166. Transforming growth factor-α (TGF-α)
  167. TGF β1
  168. TGF-β2
  169. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) (also known as somatomedin C)
  170. Insulin-like growth factor- II
  171. Nerve growth factor (NGF)
  172. Erythropoietin
  173. Peptides (combinations of amino acids)
  174. HMGF I (Human growth factor)
  175. HMGF II
  176. HMGF III
  177. Cholecystokinin (CCK)
  178. β-endorphins
  179. Parathyroid hormone (PTH)
  180. Parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTHrP)
  181. β-defensin-1
  182. Calcitonin
  183. Gastrin
  184. Motilin
  185. Bombesin (gastric releasing peptide, also known as neuromedin 
  186. Neurotensin
  187. Somatostatin
  188. Hormones (chemical messengers that carry signals from one cell, or group of cells, to another via the blood)
  189. Cortisol
  190. Triiodothyronine (T3)
  191. Thyroxine (T4)
  192. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) (also known as thyrotropin)
  193. Thyroid releasing hormone (TRH)
  194. Prolactin
  195. Oxytocin
  196. Insulin
  197. Corticosterone
  198. Thrombopoietin
  199. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
  200. GRH
  201. Leptin (aids in regulation of food intake)
  202. Ghrelin (aids in regulation of food intake)
  203. Adiponectin
  204. Feedback inhibitor of lactation (FIL)
  205. Eicosanoids
  206. Prostaglandins (enzymatically derived from fatty acids)
  207. PG-E1
  208. PG-E2
  209. PG-F2
  210. Leukotrienes
  211. Thromboxanes
  212. Prostacyclins
  213. Enzymes (catalysts that support chemical reactions in the body)
  214. Amylase
  215. Arysulfatase
  216. Catalase
  217. Histaminase
  218. Lipase
  219. Lysozyme
  220. PAF-acetylhydrolase
  221. Phosphatase
  222. Xanthine oxidase
  223. Antiproteases (thought to bind themselves to macromolecules such as enzymes and as a result prevent allergic and anaphylactic reactions)
  224. a-1-antitrypsin
  225. a-1-antichymotrypsin
  226. Antimicrobial factors (are used by the immune system to identify and neutralize foreign objects, such as bacteria and viruses.
  227. Leukocytes (white blood cells)
  228. Phagocytes
  229. Basophils
  230. Neutrophils
  231. Eoisinophils
  232. Macrophages
  233. Lymphocytes
  234. B lymphocytes (also known as B cells)
  235. T lymphocytes (also known as C cells)
  236. sIgA (Secretory immunoglobulin A) (the most important antiinfective factor)
  237. IgA2
  238. IgG
  239. IgD
  240. IgM
  241. IgE
  242. Complement C1
  243. Complement C2
  244. Complement C3
  245. Complement C4
  246. Complement C5
  247. Complement C6
  248. Complement C7
  249. Complement C8
  250. Complement C9
  251. Glycoproteins
  252. Mucins (attaches to bacteria and viruses to prevent them from clinging to mucousal tissues)
  253. Lactadherin
  254. Alpha-lactoglobulin
  255. Alpha-2 macroglobulin
  256. Lewis antigens
  257. Ribonuclease
  258. Haemagglutinin inhibitors
  259. Bifidus Factor (increases growth of Lactobacillus bifidus - which is a good bacteria)
  260. Lactoferrin (binds to iron which prevents harmful bacteria from using the iron to grow)
  261. Lactoperoxidase
  262. B12 binding protein (deprives microorganisms of vitamin B12)
  263. Fibronectin (makes phagocytes more aggressive, minimizes inflammation, and repairs damage caused by inflammation)
  264. Oligosaccharides (more than 200 different kinds!)


Developed as a student project for the Breastfeeding Course for Health Care Providers, Douglas College, New Westminster, BC, Canada - © 2007 by Cecily Heslett, Sherri Hedberg and Haley Rumble.

There may be more now that this is a research dated 6 years back.
credit: Daphne



haaa ada baca tak semua @ mommys just scroll down mouse macam mama buat hehehe
tengok kat bawah tue die tulis ini kajian 6 tahun yang lepas..belum lagi letak yang terkini..hebatt susu ciptaan Allah Subhanallah wa ta'ala...